(Gk. "orders of service")
   Manuscripts containing Byzantine chant. The earliest is dated 1336; about 20 of those discovered so far also date from the 14th century and 40 more from the 15th.More than 100 composers are cited, including Joannes Glykys, Nikephoros Ethikos (fl. c. 1300), Joannes Koukouzeles, Xenos Korones, Joannes Kladas (fl. c. 1400), and Manuel Chrysaphes. The manuscripts contain some simple chants for liturgical texts but are mostly occupied with the elaborate kalophonic chant for the same texts. Because these relatively new melodies replaced older ones, each manuscript may reflect the preferences of its monastery or compiler.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Nenano — Phthora Nenano (gr. φθορά νενανῶ, also νενανὼ) is the name of one of the two extra modes in the Byzantine Octoechos an eight mode system, which was created by a reform of the Monastery Agios Sabas, near Jerusalem, during the seventh century.… …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantine chant — Music. liturgical plainsong identified with the Eastern Orthodox Church and dating from the Byzantine Empire. * * * Unison liturgical chant of the Greek Orthodox church from the era of the Byzantine Empire to the 16th century. It probably derived …   Universalium

  • Chrysaphes, Manuel — (fl. c. 1440–1463, Constantinople)    More compositions of Byzantine kalophonic chant by him appear in post mid 15th century sources than of any other composer. He also wrote Peri tōn entheōroumenön tē psaltikē technē kai hōn phronous {}kakös… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Glykys, Joannes — (fl. late 13th century)    Along with Johannes Koukouzeles, he developed the elaborate Byzantine kalophonic chant. Known as the teacher of teachers, a manual of Byzantine chironomy is attributed to him, as is a didactic chant, Ison oligon {}oxeia …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Koukouzeles, Johannes (St.) — (c. 1280, Dyrrachium [now Durrēs, Albania – c.1360–75, Mount Athos)    Known as angelophōnos ( angel voice ) and the second most revered source of Byzantine chant after St. John Damascene, he retired to a hermitage on Mt. Athos while at the peak… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

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